Sunday, November 29, 2009
Origin of Jambi Traditional House
A. Kajang Lako Inner Man's House (Jambi)
Traditional House identity
Inner man is one of the existing tribes in the province of Jambi. Until now people still maintain the Inner traditions handed down by their ancestors, even older heritage buildings could still enjoy its beauty and is still used today.
The legend comes from the Inner 60 tumbi (families) who moved from Koto Rayo. To 60 families which is the origin of the Inner Clan V, with 5 villages of origin. So the V's Inner Marga means a collection of 5 hamlets that came from the same village one. The fifth village is Semayo Cape estuary, alternately Hamlet, Hamlet Kapok, Aro Island Village, and Hamlet Clear estuary. Margo Inner Region V is now in the subdistrict of the Veil, with its capital in Rantau Panjang, Bangko Sorolangun District.
At first people lived Inner group, consisting of 5 groups that form the origin of the village 5. One ghetto mind that is still intact until today is in Kampung Rantau Panjang Lamo. The houses there built lengthwise separately, is approximately 2 m, facing the street. Behind the house was built a place to store rice barns.
In general, the Inner livelihood is farming, both in the fields or in fields. In addition, they also gardening, looking for forest products, gold, and look for fish in rivers.
Inner residential people called Kajang Lako or House Lamo. Lamo ridge forms such as a boat house with upper end of the ridge upward. LAMO house typology shaped hall, rectangular with a length of 12 m and width of 9 m. Rectangular form is intended to facilitate the preparation of a room adapted to its function, and is also influenced by Islamic law.
As a residential building, LAMO house consists of several parts, the ridge / roof, rafter form, walls, doors / windows, columns, floors, tebar screen, penteh, pelamban, and stairs.
Ridge / roof is often called the 'elephant drunk,' taken from a home-maker who was then being drunk in love but do not get permission from their parents. Form ridges called folding awning, or cut jerambah. The roof is made from mengkuang or woven fibers and then folded in half. From the side, the roof LAMO triangular look. Such roof forms are intended to facilitate the decrease of water when it rains, facilitate circulation of air, and storing goods.
The form is a rafter in the roof above the upper end. Rafter in front of and behind the house, crooked shape, serves to prevent entry of water when it rains. Made along Kasou form and 60 cm wide ridge.
Walls / LAMO masinding house made of boards, while the door consists of 3 kinds. The third door is the door upright, masinding door, and crossed back door. The door stood at the end of the left side of the building, serves as the entrance. Low-up doors are made so that every person who came into the house should bow their heads as a mark of respect to the owner's house. Masinding door serves as a window, located in the living room. This door can be used to look down, as the ventilation, especially at ceremonies took place, and to facilitate those who are under to find out whether the ceremonies had already begun or not. The door behind the cross there is a window on the pole behind the cross. The door was used by indigenous leaders, scholars, ninik mamak, and scholars.
The number of mast LAMO house is composed of 30 primary and 24 pole 6 pole palamban. Mast installed in the form of six, with each length of 4.25 m. The mast serves as the bottom pole (stick) and as a pillar framework.
Floor Lamo rusticity house in Rantau Panjang, Jambi, made bartingkat. The first stage is called the main floor, which is located in the floor behind the cross. In a traditional ceremony, the room can not be occupied by anyone as devoted to traditional leaders. The main floor is made of woven bamboo side with rattan. Hereinafter referred to as the floor level of ordinary. Used in the floor behind menalam, common room, living room gaho, and pelamban.
Tebar screen, serves as a wall and cover the top. Tempias to hold rain water, in the edge of the left and right parts of the building. The material used is a board.
Penteh, is a place to store is located at the top of the building.
The next section is pelamban house, which is part of the leading houses located on the edge of the left. Pelamban an additional building / like terrace. According to local custom, pelamban used as waiting rooms for guests that have not been invited to enter.
As the stage space, houses the mind has 2 kinds of steps. The first is the main staircase, the stairs are on the right pelamban. The second is penteh ladder, used to ride to penteh.
Composition and Function Room
Kajang Lako consists of 8 rooms, including pelamban, gaho space, masinding room, living room, behind the transverse space, space behind the menalam, upstairs / penteh, and basement / Bauman.
Called pelamban is part of the building located on the left side the main building. The floor is made of split bamboo that has been preserved and installed rather rare to facilitate water flow down.
Gaho space is the space located at the left end of the building with lengthwise direction. In the room there is space gaho kitchen, living room and the room where the water receptacle.
Masinding space is the space associated with the front masinding. In a traditional meeting, this room used to sit on ordinary people. This space exclusively for men.
Living room is a room that was in the middle of the building. Between the middle of the room not wearing masinding wall. At the time of the implementation of traditional ceremonies, the hall was occupied by the women.
Another room in the house is a space behind the Inner menalam or space within. The parts of this space is the dining room, sleeping room parents, and the girl child's bedroom.
Next is a room behind MALINTANG. This space on the right end of the building facing into the living room and masinding space. This floor is made higher than the other room, because it is considered as the main room. This room is not occupied by any person. The amount of space behind the cross is 2x9 m, equal to gaho space.
LAMO house also has an upstairs room called penteh. This room is located on the building, used for storing goods. In addition to the above, there is also a cellar or Bauman. This room is not no walls and floors, used for storing, cooking at a party, and other activities.
Kinds of Decoration
Residential buildings of the Inner decorated with several motifs of decoration in the form of carvings. Motif decoration there is a flora (plants) and fauna (animals).
Flora motifs used in decoration, among others, is the motive BUNGO promontory, mangosteen calyx motives, and motives BUNGO oranges.
Harbor BUNGO motif carved on the front masinding. Motif mangosteen calyx masinding also in front and above the door, was outside the orange BUNGO rasuk (belandar) and on the door. Decorations made with colorful flora motifs.
The third motive of decoration was intended to beautify the building form and as an illustration that there are a lot of vegetation.
The fauna motifs used in decoration, is a fish motif. Decoration in the form of fish already in the form of distilir leaves equipped with the form of fish scales. Fish motif made colorless and inscribed on the sill and through the transverse gaho.
B. Rumah Tuo
Identity House Tuo
Jambi had been in the troubled period of identity quest. In fact, the governor would have to hold a contest to see what kind custom homes to be the country's identity "A Nine Lurah Jambi" is.
Jambi somewhat unique compared to other regions in the archipelago. If many other local customs house began to disappear as time progresses, the Jambi just enjoy the euphoria of the building houses traditional architecture.
Actually, the excitement is already starting in the 1970s, when the Provincial Government of Jambi establish the concept of home architecture that characterizes Jambi. Form a clear picture of the custom homes we can find the time come to the governor's office complex in Telanaipura Jambi, Jambi City.
Just at the right side of our office building will find traditional house pole, black, complete with horns of goats crossed into the end of the roof. Buildings with this architecture is the result of a contest won by an architect, who is also the local authorities.
In search of a Compass on the oldest settlements in Jambi recently, data showed that this is where the real identity of ancestral lands of Jambi through open houses. This settlement is located in Dusun Kampung Baru, Kelurahan Rantau Panjang, District Veil, Merangin District, Jambi.
There are still 60 of the customs house about 600 years old there. The oldest settlement was surrounded by hundreds of a kind custom home, but the age of these houses are much younger. Very impressive, how local communities are still highly appreciate indigenous heritage of their ancestors.
Houses Jambi Malays identical to ancient customs. In the house depicted on the human relationships in a nuclear family, extended family, and society. There is respect for nini mamak, guarantee protection for children, live in a wealthy family, and social harmony in society. Here, the ethic of life is also very appreciated.
The oldest house there called the House of Omar Tuo Amra (67), the descendants of the 13th of Undup Pinang Masak. He was one of the Malays noble ancient exodus from the village Kuto Rayo, Veil. The house is still solid pole while columns and wooden frame Kulim, a very tough meat, it has been 600 years old.
According to the owner, this house had been built on results and mutual cooperation agreement of all members of a large family. "There are 19 families an escape from the Rayo Kuto together build this house. After a single house, they together build another house. And so on until the final 19 homes built," he explained.
Agreement ancestors set 20 pole dipancang to establish a home. The roof was originally from sago palm leaves, but now has changed zinc. Under the house became storage firewood for cooking and the cattle.
Tuo house looks from the front widened, with three large windows which always opened its owner until the afternoon. Once cermatnya their ancestors, to the extent that ethics is governed by the arrangement window.
Ethics visiting governed by customary law. Bertandang guests will enter the house through the stairs on the right. For guests who are still flunky, call boys who were not married to visit, just to sit until the limit of the far right window. That is, he just may sit closest to the entrance and should not be more into the back.
While that can sit a little deeper, at least until the second window limit, the flunky of a large family, aka have family ties with the owner of the house. That can enter into the house until it is the men who had been married and women.
Booth across the side in the far left is a special area for the village elders or the guest of honor. Chamber length of about four meters. At the consultation events citizens, those who sit in a booth across will be able to see the entire room, or guests will enter the house through a staircase.
Jambi traditional house has only one room as a bedroom. This meant there together, including at rest, also in a single room. However, most people there prefer to sleep together in the living room because it's wider.
Tuo house was built not only as a place to live, but also as a guarantee of the survival of the family and descendants. There rice barns in the back of the house. One family can have two to three barns that store tons of grain crops, and hold for decades. During that time local people never lack of food.
Some traditional tools are still found there. There bounce made of woven rattan, used for transporting crops, always carried on behind his back. Food share with the gaze, which is also the rice basket of the basket. While the equipment of the timber is the mortar, and container used lighting they called Aladdin's lamp.
According to Rio Kasim, local adat, the houses built by the ancient Malays eksodan residents who previously occupied other villages in the same district. Aim to find a safe place.
This settlement later grew. However, in the development, preservation of the public while maintaining the traditional house. Citizens who want to build a new house also refers to the local indigenous architecture. Only wood that is no longer used because the wood Kulim has increasingly rare.
Although not much different impression from the architecture of traditional Minang houses, typical of traditional houses can be found in Jambi on the corner of the roof mounted horn sheep, which is facing a wooden cross inside. This sign indicates that the house has a ninny mamak as protector.
Amra Umar revealed, there was no desire from him to change the form of the house, except to replace a tin roof, just practical reasons. "If the thatched roof must be replaced on every two or three years. Seng more durable," he said.
He confessed proudly to the house he owned. The house is still occupied by steady with his wife and his children are now often become a place of study among students, researchers, or local officials who want to know more about custom home Jambi.
Every time the old house into the neighborhood, we seemed to return to the past. Keklasikan houses lined each other, complete with a way of life and traditions of its people, it gives the customary picture of perfection will Jambi. This is where we get the identity of Jambi.